And yet despite these efforts, empiricist challenges to the meaningfulness of religious belief are now deemed less impressive than they once were.
For a defense of a theistic form of the ideal observer theory, see Taliaferro ; for criticism see Anderson, Debate has largely centered on the legitimacy of Essays on a polytheistic philosophy of religion some middle position: For a defense of a theistic form of the ideal observer theory, see Taliaferro ; for criticism see Anderson, A closer study of this point suggests strongly that… the idea of cognitive significance, with its suggestion of a sharp distinction between significant and non-significant sentences or systems of such, has lost its promise and fertility… and that it had better be replaced by certain concepts which admit of differences in degree, such as the formal simplicity of a system; its explanatory and predictive power; and its degree of conformation relative to the available evidence.
Thought experiments aimed at giving some sense to the Divine attribute of omniscience have been advanced by drawing attention to the way we know some things immediately bodily positions, feelings and intentionsand then by extending this, coaxing us into conceiving a being that knows all things about itself and the cosmos immediately see Beaty and Zagzebski for a constructive view, and Blumenfeld in Morris ed.
As it happens, Flew has subsequently claimed that there are good reasons for going beyond the natural world, and he is currently a theist; see Flew Others argue that the cosmos has a necessary, sustaining cause from instant to instant. This later move has led to a position commonly called skeptical theism.
Wynn Argument from Consciousness R. Some of the Buddhist traditionalists denied the new monotheistic religion. Given infinite time and chance, it seems likely that something like our world will come into existence, with all its appearance of design.
Hick and Plantinga need not be considered fideists because of the high role each gives to experience, coherence, and reflection. Jnana Yoga opens people the way to the heavenly-based experiences where sweet melodies are heard. Some philosophers reply that it makes no less sense to think of an individual God existing necessarily than it does to think of propositions being necessarily true.
Various degrees of refinement would then be in order, as one speculates not only about the extent of a maximum set of propositions known but also about how these might be known. Alternatively, imagine a mirror with light reflected in it.
If God does know you will freely do some act X, then it is true that you will indeed do X. Even so, if one engages in a religious practice, such as prayer to God or Buddhist meditation to see through the illusion of having a substantial, enduring ego, the development of some sort of philosophical theory to make sense of this practice seems inevitable.
But suppose that the afterlife is understood as being morally intertwined with this life, with opportunity for moral and spiritual reformation, transfiguration of the wicked, rejuvenation and occasions for new life, perhaps even reconciliation and communion between oppressors seeking forgiveness and their victims.
Or what about the mental states of other persons, which may ordinarily be reliably judged, but which, some argue, are under-determined by external, public observation? Let us concede that religious practice is antecedent to philosophical theories that justify the practice—a concession not shared by all.
Hindu views on monotheism Hinduism is not a monolithic religion: Furthermore, there may be an opportunity to use God's standing outside of time to launch an argument that God is the creator of time. It has been contended that if we do rely on our cognitive faculties, it is reasonable to believe that these are not brought about by naturalistic forces—forces that are entirely driven by chance or are the outcome of processes not formed by an overriding intelligence.
One cannot undertake a credible history of philosophy without taking philosophy of religion seriously.These essays lay the groundwork for a practice of philosophical inquiry adequate to polytheistic or "Pagan" religious traditions, including in particular the non-reductive hermeneutics of myth and the theory of the polycentric divine manifold.
I then illustrate how Yahweh is none other than El2, Chief God of a Canaanite religion3, proposing that even though Judaism is said to be monotheistic, it was derived from a polytheistic religion. I then finally come to my main point that Asherah is the consort of Yahweh.
Edward P. Butler is the author of Essays on a Polytheistic Philosophy of Religion ( avg rating, 14 ratings, 1 review, published ), Essays on the /5(10). - The Religion of Hellenistic Greece The religion of Greece in early times was polytheistic.
The religion was incorporated into every aspect of the culture including art, and literature.
This was the religion that was practiced during the "Golden Age" of Greece. Essays Essays FlashCards Roman and Greek religion was undeniably polytheistic. Roman religion was heavily influenced by Greek religion coming up from the colonies in the Lower Peninsula.
Many Greek gods were appropriated into the Roman culture under a different name.
My philosophy of religion and my philosophy of philosophy are. Introduction. Among the supporters and critics of Buddhism, there is no unity in opinion whether it can be considered a polytheistic or monotheistic religion.Download